Tulls and Hard Hats

group of early cornish miners wearing tull hats and candles

Hard Hats to protect the skull and steel toe capped boots and wellies were the first pieces of clothing designed to protect against falling rock and moving machinery.

Early underground hats (Tulls) were made of felt which were dipped in pine resin to give them strength and rigidity. Under the tull, miners would wear a strip of cloth; helping the tull to fit. Candles were attached to the tull using lumps of clay. While working the tull was usually removed and the candle stuck to a nearby ledge.

Time Challenge


Photograph reproduced with the kind permission of the Royal Institution of Cornwall

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