Great houses, estates and gardens
The landscape of Cornwall has been shaped by the mining industry and by the wealth of those who profited from mining.
Great houses and estates were created by revenue from mining. Cornwall has many examples of these houses and parkland which once belonged to mineral lords, or to the wealthy industrial families. Several of the families involved with the mining industry became notable gardeners. The Bolitho family, one of the great Cornish mining families of the industrial era, bought Trengwainton House in 1867 and planted an amazing tropical garden. Today the gardens are owned by the National Trust and are open to the public.