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trammers underground

Wagons were used to transport broken ore underground, from the site of blasting to the bottom of the haulage shaft.

Wagons usually had 1 tonne or 1 & ½ tonne capacity and would be moved along rails laid underground by a battery powered engine, or loco. ‘Trammers’, the miners who operated the locos, would often have a ‘train’ of several wagons being pulled at once, though there was a limit imposed for safety reasons. The rails for the wagons and locos would be laid down by the miners daily as the tunnels progressed. Muckers, or rocker-shovels, would also use the rails to scoop up the broken ore and fling it backward into a wagon behind. The trammers would collect the broken ore to fill up the wagons at the box-holes, underneath the stope. Then take these to the Grizzly, where the large pieces were broken down. These were then transferred to the skips for hauling the ore up the shaft to the surface. In order to empty the wagons, the trammers tipped on their side and hit the side with a mallet to clear the debris. Wagons were also used on the surface when emptying the hauled skips of ore and the rails, and turntables to change track direction, can still be seen outside Victory Shaft.


Photograph reproduced with the kind permission of theT Grevatt Collection held by Cornwall Council

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Comment left by kaz urbanski on 2011-01-14 21:16:29

Thats Ian Jenkin and Mike Sampson . Great photo .

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